Vegetable Gardening Guide: Fall

Vegetable Gardening Guide: Fall

Prepare for a bountiful fall harvest with these tips on all things fall gardening.

Fall crops tend to take little work and love the shortened days and cooler temperatures. These tips will help you grow and maintain a garden full of fresh hearty vegetables like turnips, beets, Swiss chard, potatoes and radishes so they’re ready for fall recipe preparation.

The temperatures are turning cooler, and summer plants are beginning to wither. Now’s the perfect time to plant!


  • Planting and Spacing: Plant seeds in full sun and loose soil, 1/4 to 1/2 inch deep, 4 to 6 inches apart, in rows 24 to 30 inches apart. Turnips love regular feedings of water-soaked compost.
  • Harvesting: Harvest when the tops are approximately 3 inches in diameter.


  • Planting and Spacing: Plant beet seeds in full sun, 1/2 to 1 inch deep, in rows 8 to 12 inches apart. Sow in light, well-drained soil, and water regularly to avoid tough produce.
  • Harvesting: Pull beetroots when they reach approximately 2 to 3 inches in diameter, and don’t toss the leaves! Beet greens make a delicious addition to salads.

Swiss Chard


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  • Planting and Spacing: Swiss chard loves full sun, but can tolerate partial shade. Plant seeds about 1/2 inch deep, 1 to 3 inches apart, in rows 1 to 2 feet apart.
  • Harvesting: Harvest leaves as soon as they’re big enough to eat, and you can eat the stalks too. Plucked regularly, the leaves will continue to grow, even through the winter in mild climates.


  • Planting and Spacing: Plant small tubers whole, and cut large tubers into sections with two to three eyes (small indentations where roots sprout) on each piece.*
  • Sow pieces 3 to 4 inches deep, 10 to 12 inches apart, in rows 2 to 3 inches apart in deep, fertile soil with good drainage. When they reach 1 foot tall, mound hills of soil (6 to 8 inches) around the plant at the soil line. Water evenly to avoid rough, deformed potatoes.
  • Harvesting: Dig potatoes when they reach an acceptable size, approximately three to five weeks after flowering.

Tip: For best results, after cutting the tubers into pieces, leave them in a cool, moist room with good ventilation for a couple days before planting.


  • Planting and Spacing: Plant seeds in full sun, 1 inch apart, 1/2 inch deep, in rows 1 foot apart. When seedlings form, thin plants to 3 inches apart. Water regularly and evenly, and sow every five to seven days to keep a constant supply on hand.
  • Harvesting: Radishes mature quickly and abundantly, sometimes just a couple weeks after planting. Pull them as soon as they look big enough (bigger than grapes). Kept in the ground too long, they can develop pungent flavor.

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The summer months have arrived and I don't think that it would be the right time to plant these veggies in the garden anymore. But anyways thank you very much for all information. I will definitely use them for planting these vegetables in future.

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